comma before and

Correct. Be careful, though, because there can be a verb. Punctuating sentences can be challenging, and even experienced writers and grammarians often struggle with proper placement of commas. You’ll notice here that by adding a comma after the which, you end up with commas before and after it. The restaurant was fantastic. You might want first to refresh your memory about starting a sentence with but. 〉Similes And Metaphors And The Difference, 〉How To Find KDP Keywords For Kindle Books.

The last example above is a real example from a newspaper. You can try for a free upgrade, or you can pay extra to be sure you get it. Yes, there is often a comma.

This is because each part of the sentence can stand alone as individual complete sentences. Once you understand the rules you can always make the correct decision. APA requires a serial comma because it is a scientific style and is focused on accuracy. I am always reminded of this quote when I think about using commas.

One asks directly, while the other poses the question indirectly. First AI web content optimization platform just for writers, Almost got it! Correct, Susan doesn’t like sardines, but her sister loves all kinds of fish. By using our site you agree to our privacy policy. We help brands stay relevant and gain visibility in search results. Does the comma go before or after but? Yes, there are a few complicated comma rules. 1. In AP style, think about clarity. And yes, I just did a full check, and I got all green lights for my comma usage. The answer is A.

He went to London for two weeks, and he stayed at an expensive hotel. Here is a screenshot of some of my article text in Prowritingaid. Now I have some even better news for you.

When used this way, there’s no need to place a comma before that. To prevent spam, all comments are moderated and will be published upon approval. "That" is used with restrictive clauses, while "which" is used with nonrestrictive clauses. In this example, the phrase “which can be difficult to use correctly” is the nonrestrictive modifying clause. You should set this information off using a comma before and a comma after it: John went for a jog, which took half an hour, before having a long hot shower.

Susan loves her cat, and, naturally, she lets it sleep in her bed. Let's examine it in more detail. Comma Before Parenthesis. In this scenario, a question is implied rather than asked outright. Once you understand these two rules, it will be easy to decide. Some grammarians believe that a comma can be used after which for reasons of style.

In section 4.03 of APA 6, the serial comma is clearly required: “between elements (including before and and or) in a series of three or more items.” In fact, APA even requires the serial comma to be included in in-text references: (Smith, Smith, & Jones, 2016). Thankfully, learning when to use a comma before and after which is actually pretty easy when you follow several simple rules. 2. A Cambridge CELTA English teacher and author with a passion for writing and all forms of publishing. All you need to do is look carefully at your complete sentence. All you need to do is take a few minutes to make sure you understand the basic rules and then lock them away in your memory. Use a comma before the conjunction when the two sentence halves can stand alone.

Required fields are marked *, By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. There was no chance of changing our flight, so, unfortunately, we had to stay for two more days.

That’s the indirect question. Commas may be placed after the closing parenthesis but not before either the opening or the closing parenthesis. You can use the same three-part rule for a sentence with commas for and, or, yet and so as well.

Correct, My sister is leaving for Canada tomorrow, but she will be back in three weeks. That makes it a restrictive clause. For academic writing, then leave it in. When learning how to punctuate a sentence using the word which, it’s important to understand when which isn’t the right word at all. You can always do a similar check if you are a Grammarly user. But the comma quote is attributed to Oscar Wilde, not Mark Twain. ). Peter J. Francis is owner and operator of HyperGraphix Publishing Services ( Therefore you are connecting two independent clauses. Correct, The rest of the sentence was easy to write but with no comma. Therefore, there should be a comma before "who." You omit the comma before but when the two sentence halves can’t stand alone. “I’m just getting wet before I get wet in the pool.”, This article was very helpful, a good reminder.

All you need to do to make sure you are correct is to check if your sentence is joining two independent clauses. It is because it is dependent on the first clause for its meaning. Each one has a subject and a verb. My days are spent teaching English and writing, as well as testing and taming new technology.

Remembering simple rules of usage can take the drama out of comma placement, letting the meaning of your sentences come through loud and clear. But, yes indeed, there is plenty of space in the car for you. Tim missed his train, so he was two hours late for the meeting. Grammar Girl points out that journalistic styles are always looking to save space, which is why they allow writers to drop the serial comma.

AP is a  journalistic style, so it is focused on brevity, but it also needs to ensure accuracy, so it leaves the decision up to editors. Incorrect, The restaurant was fantastic but very expensive. In this case, rephrasing may be the better option. Therefore, a comma is required before "who.") Use a comma before the conjunction when the two sentence halves can stand alone. There is an exception to the rule when you’re using dialogue right?

It is because the second word or phrase is not a complete sentence. AP is a journalistic style, so it is focused on brevity, but it also needs to ensure accuracy, so it leaves the decision up to editors.

Click here to read our disclosure statement in full. Don’t pack too much, or you will be charged for excess baggage. Correct. Each of the major academic styles mentioned here, APA, MLA, and Chicago, use the serial comma. Since sentences never begin with commas, it should go without saying that you don’t need one before which when it starts a sentence. Excellent article, thank you for helping me brush off the cobwebs from high school years. There are two basic and simple rules to follow for the use of a comma before but. 14 Best Free Grammar Checker And Grammar Corrector Apps,, How To Find KDP Keywords For Kindle Books. Here are two examples of how AP might treat the need for a comma before and from the blog AP vs Chicago: Notice how the second version needed the comma before the first and because the second and denoted a pair that was not simply two more items in the series. If you start a sentence with but, you usually don’t need to use a comma. I have one big question that I think I already know the answer to, but I’m going to ask anyway. Use a comma after the conjunction when it is followed by an interruption. ; Don’t use a comma before which when it’s used to pose an indirect question.

A comma should always precede which when it introduces a nonrestrictive clause. Just Publishing Advice For Writers and Authors, The Slow Method Of Proofreading The Right Way. The ones for cumulative and coordinate adjectives can be a bit tricky. Examples of the comma before and, so, yet and or, Examples of the comma after and, so, yet and or. Correct, We really wanted to go to Spain for our holiday, but the hotels are too expensive in summer. The answer is FALSE. That is used with restrictive clauses. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience when you visit our website. Let’s look at when a comma is required or not with the word but. Maybe if … This is typical of nonrestrictive clauses. Another comma, placed after “correctly,” sets the phrase completely apart from the rest of the sentence. Correct. degree from SFU (2005) and a certificate in Special Education from SFU (2011).

Correct. So you can leave all the other comma rules for another day. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. When "which" appears in prepositional phrases, you don't need a comma before the "which.". A comma is used before an "and" only if it is used to separate two independent clauses, or if it is used as an Oxford comma to separate the last item in a list of three or …

It is especially so for the Oxford Comma. BTW, MLA also requires a serial comma, so you English majors better get used to putting a comma before and in a series. Sometimes, you might want to include extra information within a sentence that isn’t essential to its meaning.

I have made the correction edit. There is no question mark at the end of the sentence in indirect questions (unless they’re embedded in another question). Here are two examples of how AP might treat the need for a comma before and from the blog AP vs Chicago: I … There are several other ways that which can be used in a sentence. Sometimes which forms part of a prepositional phrase. But only needs a comma after it when there is an adverbial clause or an extra phrase inserted following it. Submit your comment only once, please. (Note: This is the cruelty-free version of AP’s classic “ham and eggs” example. Simply put, APA requires a serial comma and AP only uses it if needed for clarity. APA does not like to leave things up to the individual writer’s discretion. Well, in the old days, type was set by hand, letter by letter with bits of metal.

Complete, He left home early, but he forgot to take an umbrella. It’s easy to get tangled up choosing between that and which, but there’s a simple rule for picking the right word.

Think of a comma after but at beginning of a sentence as marking an interruption to a sentence. Correct, I went to the concert but left early with a headache. I was going to buy tickets for the new show, but, in fact, my husband had already bought them for me. But for but, it is easy to get it right every time. “But, why not?” Johnny looked at his mom.

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