how did russia defeat germany in ww2

Russia refused to surrender Stalingrad to the Germans and they both ground each other into mincemeat over several years. Concentrating on stopping another German invasion into French territory, Paris had formed a military policy giving importance to the defensive. Even so, according to Glantz, they were plagued by an ineffective defence doctrine against well-trained and experienced German forces, despite possessing some modern Soviet equipment, such as the KV-1 and T-34 tanks. [45] Soviet official casualty counts in the war exceeded 200,000,[46] while Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev later claimed the casualties may have been one million. Explore the factors that led to Hitler's Invasion of Russia in World War Two. [6] On 17 September the Red Army invaded eastern Poland and occupied the Polish territory assigned to it by the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, followed by co-ordination with German forces in Poland. Women serving in the Red Army Sometimes were told that they were now the mistresses of the officers, regardless of what they felt about the matter. [127] Relations between the officers and men were usually good, with junior officers in particular being seen as soratniki (comrades in arms) as they lived under the same conditions and faced the same dangers as the frontoviki. "[60] Although Stalin increased Soviet western border forces to 2.7 million men and ordered them to expect a possible German invasion, he did not order a full-scale mobilisation of forces to prepare for an attack. [99] In combat, the men wore olive-brown helmets or the pilotka (side cap). was given, the Soviet infantry would charge the enemy while shouting the traditional Russian battle cry Urra! Loss records for 17 VA are incomplete. Before the invasion, Stalin thought that Germany would not attack the Soviet Union until Germany had defeated Britain. Susan Brownmiller argues that rape played a pivotal role in Nazi aim to conquer and destroy people they considered inferior, such as Jews, Russians, and Poles. [47] After this campaign, Stalin took actions to modify training and improve propaganda efforts in the Soviet military. [65] This, along with abuse by German troops, caused starvation and suffering among the civilian population that was left behind. [98] Before 1941 Red Army doctrine had called for opening fire at maximum range, but experience quickly taught the advantages of ambushing the enemy with surprise fire at close ranges from multiple positions. On May 9, Russian President Vladimir Putin will play host to one of Moscow's largest ever military parades to mark the 70th anniversary of the Soviet Union's victory over Nazi Germany… [77] General Georgy Zhukov and others subsequently revealed that some of those generals had wished to remain in a defensive posture in the region, but Stalin and others had pushed for the offensive. [10][11] Political discussions had been suspended on 2 August, when Molotov stated that they could not be resumed until progress was made in military talks late in August,[12] after the talks had stalled over guarantees for the Baltic states,[13][14] while the military talks upon which Molotov insisted[13] started on 11 August. [177] The war resulted in the destruction of approximately 70,000 Soviet cities, towns and villages[178] - 6 million houses, 98,000 farms, 32,000 factories, 82,000 schools, 43,000 libraries, 6,000 hospitals and thousands of kilometers of roads and railway track.[178]. Furthermore, another 1,104 Soviet aircraft were lost between 12 July and 18 August. [33] The Soviet portions lay east of the so-called Curzon Line, an ethnographic frontier between Russia and Poland drawn up by a commission of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. Rottmann describes medical care as "marginal". [118] The experience of combat tended to bind the men together regardless of their language or ethnicity, with one Soviet veteran recalling: "We were all bleeding the same blood.". [192] During and after the occupation of Budapest, (Hungary), an estimated 50,000 women and girls were raped. The French planned to quickly move large numbers of infantry divisions into Belgium to counter the Wehrmacht as far forward as possible. 1944–1951 годы // История СССР. Jews serving in the Red Army who were taken prisoner by German forces also received short shrift. [116] Spring started in April and with it came rains and snowmelt, turning the battlefields into a muddy quagmire. page 32), Земское В.Н. [105] Soldiers frequently slept outdoors, even during the winter. [127] Despite these fearsome powers, many of the frontoviki were often openly contemptuous of the politruks if subjected to excessively long boring lectures on the finer points of Marxism–Leninism, and officers tended to win conflicts with the poltitruks as military merit started to count more in the Great Patriotic War than did political zeal. [162] The Germans held out in the subsequent Battle of Budapest until February 1945, when the remaining Hungarians signed an armistice with the Soviet Union. It was known at the Nuremberg trials the existence of the secret protocol of the German–Soviet pact regarding the planned divisions of these territories. Istoriya SSSR., 1990, No.4, Richard Overy, The Dictators Hitler's Germany, Stalin's Russia p.568–569. [55] Ribbentrop asked Molotov to sign another secret protocol with the statement: "The focal point of the territorial aspirations of the Soviet Union would presumably be centered south of the territory of the Soviet Union in the direction of the Indian Ocean. There were no "Russia" in times when Mongols lived. He said too much importance was attached to the natural obstacles and their defenses were too simplistic. By changing the official policy of the party and the state towards religion, he could engage the Church and its clergy in mobilising the war effort. [70] The Red Army put up fierce resistance during the war's early stages. [56], In an effort to demonstrate peaceful intentions toward Germany, on 13 April 1941, Stalin oversaw the signing of a neutrality pact with Japan. The campaign also had a potent psychological effect and boosted morale, a survival component almost as crucial as bread. In one of the greatest feats of war logistics, factories were evacuated on an enormous scale, with 1523 factories dismantled and shipped eastwards along four principal routes to the Caucasus, Central Asian, Ural, and Siberian regions. Less than two months before the surprise invasion by Germany, Parliamentary Army Committee member Pierre-Charles Taittinger led a parliamentary group to inspect the defenses in Sedan that fell under Huntziger’s command.

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