2016. Meeting SDG-2 is thus likely to invoke multiple synergies and trade-offs with other SDGs, across temporal and spatial scales, ultimately underscoring the indivisible nature of the SDG agenda. Climate change impact and adaptation research requires integrated assessment and farming systems analysis: A case study in the Netherlands. Although the indicators under target 2.2 can be monitored through globally available databases, three problems arise. services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment. Owing to the pandemic, some 370 million schoolchildren are missing the free school meals that they rely on. Increased investments are needed to enhance capacity for agricultural productivity. Finding the perfect balance requires a participatory approach and should take advantage of existing sustainability frameworks (Slätmo et al. Nature 528: 51–59. New York: Elsevier. Washington, DC: World Bank LAC & PROFOR. The Federal Government is under great pressure to relieve food insecurity and poverty while increasing the production of raw materials for agro-based industries through domestic production, particularly since Nigeria is projected to become the third most populous country in the world by 2050 (Van Ittersum et al. This target is set for the year 2020, unlike most SDGs which have a target date of 2030. Localized increases in fuel prices also drove food prices higher. Impacts of climate change on Brazilian agriculture. Food security information for action. The Nigerian “Agricultural Promotion Policy—2016–2020” focuses on ensuring food security through reducing food imports. It is important to think of agricultural transformation pathways compatible with a more systemic thinking, where food systems contribute to food security through e.g., food production for own consumption, incentives for greater food availability, higher incomes and lower prices, gender-specific time allocation, as well as changes in consumer behavior (Gómez et al. 2009; van Ittersum et al. Agricultural practices based on the specificities of each country and their priority areas should be fostered, especially those contributing to multiple sustainability targets at once. If current trends continue, the zero hunger target will be largely missed by 2030. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. OECD. More research: Further data and research can be found at the Our World in Data entry on Hunger and Undernourishment.
Agriculture, food systems, and nutrition: Meeting the challenge. 16.1.1.
Definition: Indicator 2.2.1 is the prevalence of stunting among children under 5 years of age. Hák, T., S. Janoušková, and B. Moldan. Development Goal Indicators (E/CN.3/2016/2/Rev.1) 3/25 Goals and targets (from the 2030 Agenda) Indicators 1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and …
Popkin, B.M. Part of Springer Nature. 2014. The first refers to the share of the rural population below national poverty lines; the second refers to the share of farmers earning less than the national minimum wage. Table 1 summarizes our review of targets 2.1–2.5, highlighting whether each of their indicator is (i) conceptually clear, (ii) quantifiable, and (iii) universally relevant. 2014. Moreover, aid to agriculture in developing countries fell, from nearly 25 per cent of all donors’ sector-allocable aid in the mid-1980s to only 5 per cent, in 2018. By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed Biodiversity, measured through the Farmland Birds Index, has fallen by 70% over the past 30 years (EU 2017). While the MDGs focused solely on developing countries, the 17 SDGs are inclusive of developed countries, since concerted action among all countries is the only way to achieve prosperity without threatening planetary boundaries (Steffen et al. By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round, Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). Second, synergies and trade-offs across SDGs and analytical scales should be examined to inform coherent policy design under different scenarios. In fact, most pressing environmental problems stem from the high intensity of current agricultural operations in the country.
Johnson, and S. Saatchi. Availability relates to target 2.3 with respect to yield levels as well as targets 2.4 and 2.5 (both reflective of the capacity to produce food over time depends on ecological equilibrium). Nepstad, D., D. McGrath, C. Stickler, A. Alencar, A. Azevedo, B. Swette, T. Bezerra, M. Digiano, et al. FAO. As our analysis shows, it is paramount to invest in better global databases (Alkire and Samman 2014).
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